The logistics of setting up a baling press operation

All modern recycling facilities should have some form of baler on site. Baling involves compressing recycled materials into cubes and then tying them together with baling wire. Baled goods are far more space-saving.

They are easy to move, disassemble and measure. Compared to storing loose material, bales are much cleaner and improve conditions for workers working on site. When considering installing a baler on a recycling line, there are a few logistical elements to consider first.

Here are some of the most important considerations you can make when baling.

bale size

It might sound obvious, but you’ll need to do some research to figure out how big you want your bales of material to be. When deciding on the optimal size, you need to make all sorts of considerations. One tonne bales are the industry standard in the recycling industry, but this may not be appropriate for every operation.

If bales have to be transported regularly, it may be advisable to reduce the size. Larger bales are suitable for operations that have ample space and on-site processing facilities.

kind of wire

The wire used in baling is incredibly important. It must be extremely flexible, corrosion resistant and strong. The best press wire is made of high carbon galvanized steel. A good supply chain is necessary to keep your baler supplied with wire on a continuous basis. Visit for more information on how to select the best baling wire for your recycling facility. Breaks in the press wire can be costly and extremely dangerous.

The material flow

Balers are not objects in their own right. They are just one part of a system – the recycling process as a whole. Material flow should be your number one logistical concern when making changes to your recycling facility. Poor material flow logistics is one of the biggest causes of problems in recycling operations.

You must ensure that your baler is set up and operated in such a way that it does not cause material jams in other parts of the recycling line. For this reason, calculations must be made about the operating capacity of individual balers. If this capacity is not enough, it is often possible to split the recycling line – with each fork in the conveyor leading to a different baler. Knowing and monitoring the capacity of a recycling plant is essential for controlling the efficient flow of materials.

The Ram guy

Not all balers are suitable for every material. In fact, it is recommended that each recyclable material be baled separately to maximize efficiency. For example, single-piston extrusion presses are good for baling paper, but would have problems when extruding large quantities of aluminum.

Vertical balers, horizontal balers and closed door balers are all suitable for different types of material. Before you jump in and hire a company, do some homework on the type of materials your operation needs to bale.

Baling article and permission to publish here provided by Carol Trehearn. Originally written for Supply Chain Game Changer and published on June 21st, 2021.

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